Atlas Map: Growth of Transportation System, 1840-1860

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Railroads proved a valuable addition to the nation's system of roads and canals, particularly in the North. However, construction was largely unregulated. As a result, there was no standard track gauge. Consequently, by the time of the Civil War, at least seven different gauges were in operation. What factors account for the difference in railroad development north and south of the Ohio Rivers in 1860?

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