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The violence of Bleeding Kansas, the caning of Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts by Representative Preston Brooks of South Carolina, and John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry and its aftermath demonstrated the growing sectional conflict of the 1850s and foreshadowed the violence on the battlefield between armies of the North and the South. (Image: Scott Foresman Addison Wesley, Picture Research Dept.)
Review the Chapter
Each primary source document listed below has its own introduction and review questions.
Abraham Lincoln, "A House Divided" (1858)
Abraham Lincoln, Charleston (Illinois) Debate (October 7, 1858)
Abraham Lincoln, Debate at Galesburg, Illinois (1858)
Daniel Webster, Speech to the U.S. Senate in Favor of the Compromise of 1850 (March 7, 1850)
Frederick Douglass, Independence Day Speech (1852)
George Fitzhugh, Slavery Justified (1854)
George Frederick Holmes, Critique of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Southern Literary Messenger, XVIII (December, 1852).
Harriet Beecher Stowe, from Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
Henry Clay, Speech before the U.S. Senate (January 29, 1850)
John Brown's Address before Sentencing (November 2, 1859)
John C. Calhoun, Proposal to Preserve the Union (1850)
Opinion of the Supreme Court for Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
South Carolina Declaration of the Causes of Secession (December 24, 1860)
Stephen A. Douglas, Debate at Galesburg, Illinois (October 7, 1858)
The Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
The Land Acts (1862, 1873, 1894)
The Treaty of Fort Laramie (1851)
William Lloyd Garrison on John Brown's Raid (1859)
Click on a link below to view the image and read a detailed caption.
1860 Election - Cartoon
1860 Presidential Election Banner (Republican)
A Young Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln, February 27, 1860
Franklin Pierce - Portrait
Henry Clay - Daguerreotype
Hypocrisy of Fugitive Slave Act - Cartoon, 1851
John Brown, ca. 1850
Martin Van Buren and Abolitionism - Cartoon
Poster Warning Escaped Slaves
President Abraham Lincoln
Storming of the Engine House by the U.S. Marines, 1859
The United States Senate, 1850 - Painting
Uncle Tom's Cabin Theater Poster, ca. 1850
Verdict of the People - Painting, after 1855
Young Frederick Douglass
Select a audio clip to hear. You will need the latest Quicktime Player plug-in to listen to the audio. To determine if you have the latest Quicktime Player Plug-in and to download it if you do not, go to the Browser Tune-up.
Battle Hymn of the Republic
These maps and their captions illustrate and describe important historical aspects of this period.
Interactive Map: The Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Atlas Map: The Compromise of 1850 and Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Map Workbook Activity: The Compromise Of 1850 And The Kansas-Nebraska Act
America Past and Present, Take Notes and Answer Analysis Questions