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Slaves and Masters

Chapter 11:
Slaves and Masters

Masters and SlavesIn the South in the first half of the nineteenth century, an elite group of Whites dominated the society and made profits on the labor of Black slaves, who nonetheless were able to develop a rich culture of their own. (Image: Library of Congress)

Review the Chapter


Each primary source document listed below has its own introduction and review questions.

A Catechism for Slaves (1854)
"Frederick Douglass's Paper." June 2, 1854, from The Southern Episcopalian (Charelston, S.C., April, 1854)

"Benjamin Drew", from The Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada as Related by Themselves (1855)

De Bow's Review, "The Stability of the Union" (1850)

George Fitzhugh, The Blessings of Slavery (1857)

Nat Turner, The Confession of Nat Turner (1831)

Overseer’s report from Chicora Wood Plantation (1858)

Passages from Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1883)

Poem, “The Slave Auction” by Frances E. W. Harper (1854)

Poem, “The Slave Mother” by Frances E. W. Harper (1854)

Runaway Slave Advertisements (1838-1839)

Slave Narrative, "The History of Mary Prince, A West Indian Slave," Related by Herself, London, (1831)

State [North Carolina] v. Boon (1801)


Click on a link below to view the image and read a detailed caption.

Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin

Benjamin Banneker Portrait

Row Houses in Charleston, S.C.

Plantation and Southern Commerce

Tredegar Ironworks, Richmond – Slave Labor

Slave Dealers

Bill of Sale for Slaves, 1835

Slave Sale Notice

Raffling Off a Slave

Nat Turner Rebellion, 1831

Slave Dockworkers, 1860 – Brady Photo

Abraham Lincoln and Sojourner Truth

Harriet Tubman

Free Black Church

Death of Amistad Captain, 1839

Cotton Gin on a Plantation in Louisiana

Slave Quarter, Hermitage Plantation, Savannah, Georgia

Richard Allen – Portrait

A Patent Drawing of Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin


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Death Come a Knockin’

The Liberator

When the Roll is Called Up Yonder


These maps and their captions illustrate and describe important historical aspects of this period.

Interactive Map: Slavery in the South

Atlas Map: Slave Population Patterns, 1790 and 1860

Map Workbook Activity: The Antebellum South And Slavery

America Past and Present, Take Notes and Answer Analysis Questions

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