Chapter 14: How Biological Diversity Evolves
 
Activity Quiz
 
 Pre-Test   Activity Quiz   Chapter Quiz 

1 .       Feathers either play a role, or may have played a role, in _____. (Activity 14A) [Hint]



2 .       _____ is rapid speciation under conditions in which there is little competition. (Activity 14A) [Hint]



3 .       Mass extinctions create conditions that promote _____. (Activity 14A) [Hint]



4 .       The appearance of an evolutionary novelty promotes _____. (Activity 14A) [Hint]



5 .       The different finch species found on the Galápagos Islands probably arose as a result of _____. (Activity 14A) [Hint]



6 .       According to island biogeography, what is the relationship between an island's distance from the mainland and the number of species present on the island? (Activity 14B) [Hint]



7 .       Why is a new island more hospitable to colonizers than an older island is? (Activity 14B) [Hint]



8 .       What is the relationship between colonizing success and the number of species already established on an island? (Activity 14B) [Hint]



9 .       The number of species on an island remains relatively constant when _____. (Activity 14B) [Hint]



10 .       Humans are diploid and have 46 chromosomes (or two sets). How many sets of chromosomes are found in each human gamete? (Activity 14C) [Hint]



11 .       Humans are diploid and have 46 chromosomes. How many chromosomes are found in each human gamete? (Activity 14C) [Hint]



12 .       _____ is the process by which haploid gametes form a diploid zygote. (Activity 14C) [Hint]



13 .       A particular diploid plant species has 48 chromosomes, or two sets. A mutation occurs and gametes with 48 chromosomes are produced. If self-fertilization occurs, the gametes will have _____ set(s) of chromosomes. (Activity 14C) [Hint]



14 .       Which of these terms applies to an organism with extra sets of chromosomes? (Activity 14C) [Hint]



15 .       Mutant tetraploid plants _____. (Activity 14C) [Hint]



16 .       Most polyploid plants arise as a result of _____. (Activity 14C) [Hint]



17 .       How do the skulls of adult chimpanzees and humans differ? (Activity 14D) [Hint]



18 .       Click on the diagrams to start the animations.
The differences between chimpanzee and human observed in these animations is attributable to differences in _____. (Activity 14D)

[Hint]



19 .       What accounts for human infants having large heads on small bodies? (Activity 14D) [Hint]



20 .       The phenomenon of paedomorphosis demonstrates how _____. (Activity 14D) [Hint]



21 .       Which of these is a difference between the skull of an adult chimpanzee and the skull of an adult human? (Activity 14D) [Hint]



22 .       Reptiles first appeared during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



23 .       Seed plants first appeared during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



24 .       The _____ era is the era during which we live. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



25 .       The first prokaryotic cells appeared during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



26 .       Dinosaurs went extinct during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



27 .       Animals first appeared during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



28 .       _____ were the dominant vertebrate life form during the Paleozoic era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



29 .       The Cenozoic era began approximately _____ million years ago. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



30 .       Life arose during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



31 .       _____ were the dominant vertebrate life form during the Mesozoic era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



32 .       Flowering plants first appeared during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



33 .       Most modern animal phyla evolved during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



34 .       The Mesozoic era began approximately _____ million years ago. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



35 .       Bony fish first evolved during the _____ era. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



36 .       The Precambrian era began approximately _____ million years ago. (Activity 14E) [Hint]



Answer choices in this exercise are randomized and will appear in a different order each time the page is loaded.





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