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Key Concepts Quiz

This activity contains 27 questions.

Question 1
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Hershey and Chase were able to differentiate between proteins and nucleic acids using radioactive atoms of elements found only in those macromolecules. Which of the following would be found only in proteins?
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Question 2
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In DNA, one nucleotide monomer is linked to the next through _____.
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Question 3
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Which of the following is found in RNA but not in DNA?
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Question 4
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What amount of thymine would be found in a strand of DNA composed of 15% cytosine?
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Question 5
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Which of the following is true about double-stranded DNA?
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Question 6
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During replication, the original "parent" DNA _____.
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Question 7
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Prokaryotic organisms have a single origin of replication, whereas eukaryotic organisms have many origins where replication occurs simultaneously. Which of the following is the most probable reason for this observation?
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Question 8
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Which of the following occurs during DNA replication?
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Question 9
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In eukaryotes, translation is initiated only after transcription is completed. However, prokaryotes can initiate translation before a gene is completely transcribed. Which choice is the best explanation for this observation?
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Question 10
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A new organism is discovered that has six different nucleotides that encode 30 different amino acids. Which of the following nucleotide combinations would encode the minimum number of amino acids needed in this organism?
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Question 11
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Consider the following sequence and explain what effect the mutation has on the protein that is translated.



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Question 12
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In transcription, _____.
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Question 13
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In eukaryotic cells, a terminator in mRNA synthesis is _____.
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Question 14
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In eukaryotic cells, the RNA is processed before it leaves the nucleus. This processing _____.
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Question 15
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What would be the anticodon for the DNA sequence CTC?
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Question 16
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If protein production were an assembly line, a ribosome would be _____.
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Question 17
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At the start of translation, where does the initiator tRNA bind?
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Question 18
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The translation process in eukaryotes requires all of the following: _____.
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Question 19
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In eukaryotes, the process of transcription is controlled by _____.
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Question 20
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The type of mutation is represented below is a(n) _____.

The big red fly had one eye (wild type)

The fbi gre dfl yha don eey (mutant)

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Question 21
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During the lytic cycle, but not the lysogenic cycle, _____.
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Question 22
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HIV enters a white blood cell and then uses _____ to make copies of its genetic material. Once HIV proteins have been translated, the virus can be released by _____.
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Question 23
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Emerging viruses can originate from _____.
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Question 24
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The drug AZT was one of the first drugs used to treat HIV. Which of the following drug actions would prevent the spread of HIV without harming the host cell?
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Question 25
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Radiation is a frequent method of sterilization. It is effective because it causes damage to DNA. However, prions, the agents that cause diseases such as mad cow disease, are unaffected by these treatments. Why?
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Question 26
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A microbiologist found that a colony of bacterial clones infected by a phage had developed the ability to make a particular amino acid that the bacteria could not make before the infection. This new ability was probably a result of _____.
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Question 27
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Conjugation is a very effective process for spreading antibiotic resistance. Which statement best explains this observation?
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