Chapter 27. The Reproductive System
 
Practice Exam
 
You have 25 minutes to complete this exam. It includes fill in the blank, true/false, and multiple choice questions. Please note that fill in the blank answers may be more than one word.
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1 .       The human reproductive system: 



2 .       Which of the following are not components of the reproductive system?  



3 .       How do the reproductive cells of males and females differ in terms of production and storage ability?  



4 .       Accessory organs of the male reproductive system include all of the following except



5 .       The pathway of the spermatozoa from the testes to the exterior of the body through tubules in the correct order is: 



6 .       The main function of the uterus is to provide a site for fertilization of the ova, store mature eggs until the time of fertilization, nourish and protect the growing fetus, and provide a pathway to the exterior for the female gametes.  

 
 


7 .       Components of the female reproductive system include all of the following except



8 .      

 

9 .       The contents of the spermatic cord do not include the: 



10 .       Contraction of the cremaster muscle occurs because of: 



11 .       The rete testis: 



12 .       The seminiferous tubules: 



13 .       The _______________ is/are isolated from general circulation by the blood-testis barrier.  



14 .       The mediastinum of the testis: 



15 .       In correct order from external to internal, the layers of the testis include: 



16 .       Which of the following is not a function of testosterone?  



17 .      

 

18 .       The most important difference between meiosis and mitosis concerns the: 



19 .       Gametes are called haploid because there are half as many of them produced at each division in comparison to the division of diploid cells. 

 
 


20 .       In the testis, the first step in the process of meiosis is: 



21 .       What additional function(s), beyond those that occur in the male reproductive system, occur in the female reproductive system?  



22 .       The ovaries: 



23 .      

 

24 .       The visceral peritoneum covering the surface of each ovary directly overlies a layer of dense connective tissue called the mesosalpinx.  

 
 


25 .       The ovaries are supported by the _______________. 



26 .       Which of the following is not a supporting ligament of the uterus?  



27 .       Ovum transport through the uterine tube occurs by which mechanism(s)? 



28 .      

 

29 .       Which of the following is not a uterine function?  



30 .       The vagina is lined by a: 



31 .       In the correct order, the steps involved in oogenesis are the formation of primary follicles, formation of secondary follicles, formation of tertiary follicles, ovulation and formation, and degeneration of the corpus luteum.  

 
 


32 .       During the ovarian cycle,:  



33 .       Fertilization normally occurs in the _______________.  



34 .       The ovarian cycle is initiated by which of the following hormones?  



35 .       The phases of the menstrual cycle, in correct order, are listed in which of the following choices?  



36 .       Milk production in the mammary glands: 



37 .       Which of the following is the first change that occurs to the zygote after fertilization?  



38 .      

 

39 .       The function of the placenta is to: 



40 .      

 

41 .       Menopause:  



42 .      

 

43 .       Descent of the testes:  



44 .       The main function of the pampiniform plexus in the scrotum is to assist in cooling the blood to permit spermatogenesis to occur at a cooler temperature than in the abdominal cavity.  

 
 


45 .       How would a pregnancy be affected if the placenta failed to begin function during the third month of gestation?  



46 .       In some cases, a breast tumor can be detected by observing the dimple in the skin over the area. Which breast structures are responsible for this phenomenon?  



47 .       How will penile function be altered if the blood supply to the corpora cavernosa is impaired?  



48 .       The menstrual cycle begins with a surge of LH and FSH and the onset of the menses.  

 
 


49 .      

 

50 .       Erection of the penis is caused by: 



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