Chapter 23. The Lymphatic System
 
Practice Exam
 
You have 25 minutes to complete this exam. It includes fill in the blank, true/false, and multiple choice questions. Please note that fill in the blank answers may be more than one word.
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1 .       The lymphatic system in the body functions to do all of the following except



2 .       The lymphatic system protects the body from:  



3 .       The lymphocytes that fight infections in the connective tissues of the body reach these areas by: 



4 .       Components of the lymphatic system include the: 



5 .       Lymphatic vessels differ from arteries and veins because: 



6 .       The stem cells of primary lymphoid structures produce those that differentiate into NK, B, and T cells. 

 
 


7 .       Lymphatic vessels originate in the:  



8 .       The lymphatic vessels that have valves are the: 



9 .       Lymph capillaries: 



10 .       Lymph nodes:  



11 .       Long-lived lymphocytes that circulate through the body to fight invading pathogens are the:  



12 .      

 

13 .      

 

14 .       Lymphocytes respond to the presence of all of the following except



15 .       Types of T cells include all of the following except



16 .       When is the thymus the most active? 



17 .       Tonsils include all of the following except:  



18 .       The main goal of the immune response is: 



19 .       The thoracic duct carries lymph to the right brachiocephalic vein and carries lymph originating in tissues superior to the diaphragm.  

 
 


20 .       The right lymphatic duct: 



21 .       Lymphatic capillaries:  



22 .       The cisterna chyli: 



23 .       Lymphatic organs: 



24 .       A body region that does not contain a high population of lymph nodes is located at the base of the phalanges.  

 
 


25 .       Which of the following structure is not part of a lymph node? 



26 .       The thymus:  



27 .       The capsule that covers the thymus divides it into:  



28 .       Premature stimulation of the T cells that develop in the thymus is prevented by the presence of: 



29 .       Which of the following is true of the thymic lobules?  



30 .       Thymic hormones: 



31 .       The spleen is attached to the stomach by a fold of the greater omentum.  

 
 


32 .       The shape of the spleen:  



33 .       Problems with the lymphatic system that are not age dependent are ___________ and __________.  



34 .       Splenomegaly is often caused by: 



35 .       With increasing age, the lymphatic system:  



36 .       Reduced lymphatic system function in aged individuals makes them more likely to acquire all of the following conditions except



37 .       A clinical symptom that indicates a blockage in the right lymphatic duct includes: 



38 .       If the outer cortex of a lymph node is damaged, the components of the lymphatic system that will be affected include _______________. 



39 .       If the thymus fails to produce its normal hormones,: 



40 .       In an individual with AIDS, which of the following lymphatic system components are selectively destroyed?  



41 .       The condition referred to as "swollen glands" indicates: 



42 .       In a mastectomy, the lymph nodes accompanying the cancerous breast are often removed as a precaution against spreading of the disease. Why is this treatment often effective?  



43 .       Which lymph nodes might become infected as a result of an infected bladder?  



44 .       The lymph nodes that become inflamed during an acute attack of pneumonia are the cervical nodes.  

 
 


45 .       If a person has the thyroid gland removed, what other lymphatic organ may also be removed or damaged inadvertently?  



46 .       The spleen can be compared to the lymph nodes because:  



47 .       The lymphatic functions of the spleen include: 



48 .       Valves in lymphatic vessels resemble those of veins and allow the movement of fluid in only one direction.  

 
 


49 .       Lymphatic capillaries are __________ in areas of loose connective tissue, and they allow interstitial fluid to enter between the endothelial cells of their walls.  



50 .       How do antigens in the blood affect immunoglobins? 



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