Chapter 10. Axial Musculature
Practice Exam
You have 25 minutes to complete this exam. It includes fill in the blank, true/false, and multiple choice questions. Please note that fill in the blank answers may be more than one word.
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1 .       The muscles of mastication are innervated by the fifth cranial nerve, the trigeminal nerve. 


2 .      


3 .       The anterior muscles of the neck are concerned primarily with altering the positions of: 

4 .       The largest group of facial muscles is associated with the eyes. 


5 .       All of the following muscles are associated with the mouth except

6 .       All of the following are actions of the axial musculature except: 

7 .       The oblique and rectus muscles do all of the following except

8 .       All of the following are true of muscles of the pelvic floor except:  

9 .       Nodding the head as a person falls asleep while sitting up primarily involves the muscles of the: 

10 .       How do the extrinsic ocular muscles differ in action from the intrinsic ocular muscles? [Hint]

11 .       Which of the following statements about the muscles of mastication is true? 

12 .       Which cranial nerve is most likely to have been damaged if a person cannot move the right eye to look laterally? 

13 .      


14 .      


15 .       When the diaphragm relaxes, air _______________ the lungs.  

16 .       Muscle fibers do not cross the anterior middle region of the body wall because of:  

17 .       Many of the warm-up and stretching exercises recommended before athletic events are intended to prepare the large but very important muscles for their supporting roles. 


18 .      


19 .       Rotation of the spinal column is accomplished by the: 

20 .       The extrinsic tongue muscles, which act in various combinations to produce the delicate movements involved in speech as well as manipulating food, all have names ending in -glossus.  


21 .      


22 .       The urogenital and pelvic diaphragms completely close the pelvic outlet. 


23 .       Muscles that are involved in the process of breathing include all of the following except

24 .       The muscles of the erector spinae: 

25 .       The inguinal ligament: 

26 .       Which of the following is an anterior muscle of the neck? 

27 .       A muscle that belongs to the group of muscles considered to be extra-ocular muscles is the: 

28 .       Even though it is not located within the back, the rectus abdominus muscle assists with flexing the vertebral column.  


29 .       A muscle that assists in inspiration is the: 

30 .       A muscle that is responsible both for elevating the larynx and depressing the mandible is the: 

31 .       A muscle that facilitates an infant's ability to chew, as well as initially, to suckle is the: 

32 .       A muscle that rolls the eye down and laterally is the: 

33 .       Muscles in the trunk that are not involved controlling the position of the head on the vertebral column include the _________ and the __________ muscles.  

34 .      


35 .       Which of the following muscles is not involved in respiration, especially deep breathing?  

36 .       When a person is underwater, there will be an uncomfortable increase in pressure in the ears. This can be cleared by swallowing repeatedly. 


37 .       Which of the following is true of the muscles of mastication?  

38 .       A muscle that constricts the oral opening is:  

39 .       Inguinal hernias in males are more common because the inguinal canal must remain open throughout life to allow for the passage of the sperm cord.  


40 .       A diaphragmatic or hiatal hernia is caused by which of the following?  

41 .       During abdominal surgery, the surgeon makes an incision parallel to the linea alba, cutting through the _______________ muscle.  

42 .       A muscle that inserts on the pubis is the: 

43 .      


44 .       The muscles of the vertebral column include many extensors but few flexors. 


45 .       The openings in the diaphragm include the: 

46 .       The male perineum differs from the female perineum in that: 

47 .       The rectus muscles are important flexors of the vertebral column working together with the erector spinae. 


48 .       The scalene muscles originate from the: 

49 .       Which of the following muscles interconnect and stabilize the vertebrae? 

50 .       The linea alba is important because fibers of no muscles cross it, and it is continuous with the sheath of the rectus abdominus.  


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