Chapter 5 Chapter Exam
This activity contains 25 questions.
The Equal Rights Amendment was first introduced in Congress in:
Comparable worth is the concept that:
women in the military should be promoted at levels comparable to men.
there should be no racial discrimination in hiring.
there should be no age discrimination in hiring.
women should be paid the same as men for jobs that require comparable skill.
"real world" experience (comparable to specific course completion) should be considered in college applications.
Though the Fifteenth Amendment gave African Americans the right to vote during Reconstruction, the election of substantial numbers of African Americans to public office did not occur until after:
the reorganization of individual states' primary systems.
the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Brown v. Board
of Education decision.
the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
congressional districts were redrawn after the 1990 census.
Brown v. Board of Education
in 1954 said that
racial discrimination against any groups in restaurants is illegal.
the decision of
Plessy v. Ferguson
would be upheld.
school segregation violated the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection.
any formal barriers to African-American voters is illegal.
abortion must be legalized.
Which of the following best describes affirmative action?
A policy designed to give special attention to a previously disadvantaged group.
A Supreme Court decision which makes school segregation illegal.
A law that enforces employers to have an equal number of employees from all racial groups.
A law that makes homosexual activity illegal in some states.
A law that makes hiring men over women illegal.
American society emphasizes:
All of the above are correct.
Where does the idea of equality appear in the Constitution?
in the Fourteenth Amendment
in the First Amendment
in the First and Fourteenth Amendment
in the First, Fifth and Twenty-Third Amendment
in all of the Amendments
What are the three levels of scrutiny used by the Supreme Court to discover whether discrimination is permissible?
reasonable, inherently suspect, and grossly discriminatory
suspect, inherently suspect, and the intermediate standard
reasonable, inherently suspect, and the intermediate standard
arguably discriminatory, reasonable analysis, and negligent
negligent, arguably discriminatory, and reasonable
Which Amendment ended slavery?
None of the Amendments ended slavery, it was ended by Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation.
The legal right to vote is known as:
When did Native Americans receive citizenship and the right to vote?
The first women's rights activists were products of the:
World War I.
Abigail Adams' writings.
An example of the Courts striking down gender inequality would be when it voided laws that:
closed a state's nursing school to men.
provided for alimony payments for women only.
gave husbands exclusive control over family property.
allowed employers to deny women equal monthly retirement benefits because they live longer than men.
All of the above are correct.
What is the assumption behind, "one citizen, one vote"?
Voting is so important that the government struck down the three-fifths rule even before slavery was ended.
The government presumes that voting is one of the cornerstones of a democracy and thus only wants each person to have one piece of this cornerstone.
The framers created "one citizen, one vote" as a part of the First Amendment.
The framers believed that every person in the land was deserving of equal representation.
The government presumes that each person's needs, interests, and preferences are neither more nor less important than any other person's.
Which one of the following statements about homosexuals in America is FALSE?
The Court overturned a law in Colorado in 1996 that denied homosexuals protection against discrimination.
Public opinion concerning homosexuals in the workforce has becoming increasingly more favorable since the early 1990s.
States are no longer allowed to bar homosexual relations.
Same sex couples receive partnership benefits in California, Maine, and New Jersey.
All of the answers are correct.
The Supreme Court never officially sanctioned the practice of segregation in America.
Korematsu v. United States
(1944) upheld the interment of Japanese Americans during World War II.
Women have served as combat pilots in the navy and air force.
The word "equality" appears in the original Constitution.
Protectionism is no longer an issue.
Once the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was illegal, schools were integrated immediately.
African Americans are the largest racial minority in the United States.
Women have served in every branch of the military since the Civil War.
Equality tends to favor minority rule.
Over half of the states have passed laws protecting homosexuals against some forms of discrimination.
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