Chapter 26 Post-Test
This activity contains 15 questions.
By 1932, what percentage of the population were unemployed?
In initially dealing with the Great Depression, Herbert Hoover
proposed bold government action.
took no action to halt the downward slide of the nation.
relied on voluntary cooperation within business to halt the slide.
blamed the nation's economic ills on problems inherent within the system.
cautioned Americans that it would only get worse.
Which of the following dealt Hoover's public image its sharpest blow in the context of the Depression?
the crash of the nation's banks
the corruption that engulfed the Federal Farm Board
his use of the military to clear out 22,000 WWI veterans who had encamped in Washington to lobby for immediate pay of a bonus due them in 1945
the collapse of the Hoover Dam
the failure of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to make any difference in the suffering of Americans
Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
decrease government regulation of U.S. banks.
entirely privatize the banking industry.
reopen strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones.
allow the government to take over the banking system.
merge smaller banks with larger ones.
Which two New Deal programs were aimed at industrial and agricultural recovery?
Public Works Administration and Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Work's Progress Administration and Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration
National Industry Administration and Tennessee Valley Authority
National Recovery Administration and Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Roosevelt's "broker state" concept of government
meant that the government would take control of the stock market thenceforward.
resulted in the end of the Great Depression.
meant that government would intervene in business on a regular basis.
responded to pressures from organized elements but ignored the needs and wants of the dispossessed who had no clear political voice.
responded to pressures from the dispossessed who had no clear political voice but ignored the organized elements of society.
Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
all Americans over the age of 60.
World War I veterans.
Huey Long advocated
higher taxes for every income level.
more conservative measures to control the economy.
cutting the taxes of the wealthy.
nationalization of the banking industry.
"sharing the wealth."
Which one of the following acts finally protected labor's right to organize, collectively bargain, and strike?
NRA, Section 7a
Social Security Act
The Social Security Act of 1935
provided immediate relief to working Americans.
was paid for entirely by employers.
provided a guaranteed income to all Americans over the age of 50.
was a fundamentally conservative measure.
was a radical reform measure.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
was solely interested in organizing skilled labor.
fought hard to include women and African-American laborers.
worked harmoniously with the American Federation of Labor in the 1930s.
was opposed by President Roosevelt.
promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.
The first sit-down strike was utilized against
the mining industry.
United Automobile Workers.
Which of the following statements about women's experiences in the 1930s is NOT accurate?
Although most working women were the sole supporters of their families, they were often criticized for taking jobs away from men.
It was policy at the NRA and other New Deal agencies to discriminate against women.
Women were elected to higher office in larger numbers than ever before.
Women experienced significant gains in status during the Great Depression.
Wages for women remained lower than those for men and their unemployment rate ran higher than 20% throughout the decade.
By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all of the following EXCEPT
the urban masses.
Roosevelt's unsuccessful bid to change the make-up of the Supreme Court so it would be more favorable to his New Deal was known as the
There was no such effort.
Court Readjustment Plan.
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