Chapter 07 Post-Test
This activity contains 15 questions.
What piece of legislation passed by the first Congress sparked immediate sectional controversy?
the Cabinet Act of 1789
the Tariff of 1789
the Succession of Office Act of 1789
the Tenure of Office Act of 1789
the Judiciary Act of 1789
The conflict between which two members of George Washington's cabinet represented the potentially explosive political divisions within American society?
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
John Adams and James Madison
Alexander Hamilton and John Adams
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
What was the greatest challenge facing George Washington during his first administration?
diplomatic relations with Europe
diplomatic relations with the Native Americans
establishing financial stability
regulating interstate trade
Report on the Public Credit
the federal government assume state debt over one million dollars, but debt under one million be paid by the states.
that the federal and state governments refuse to pay old debts owed to the British.
that the state governments pay their own debt from the Revolution.
that the federal government assume the remaining state debt from the Revolution.
the federal government ignore the issue of debt until the tariff of 1789 took effect.
Report on Manufactures
that the future of the nation lay in industrialism, but such industry should come from private sources without government assistance.
that the future of the nation lay in industrialism, outlining several ways the government could stimulate manufacturing.
that the future of the nation lay in industrialism, and the nation should steal manufacturing technology from Europe to get a jump on the competition.
that the future of the nation lay in agriculture, outlining several ways the government could stimulate the nation's farms.
that the future of the nation lay in an economy equally split between agriculture and manufacturing.
During George Washington's second term in office,
Americans uniformly sided with the British in their war with the French.
diplomatic relations with France and Great Britain improved significantly.
foreign affairs became a much more important focus.
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson began to see eye-to-eye on domestic affairs.
Americans uniformly sided with the French in their war against Great Britain.
When war erupted between France and Great Britain, George Washington
placed an embargo on all goods to Europe.
used the war to foster an alliance with Great Britain.
maintained a policy of neutrality that was difficult for the young nation to enforce.
doubled the budget for the navy to protect American trade.
used the war to foster an alliance with France.
Jay's Treaty succeeded in
humiliating the French.
guaranteeing America's neutral rights.
opening New Orleans to United States commerce.
getting British troops to withdraw from the northwest forts.
pacifying Southerners who had lost slaves to the British in the Revolution.
The provisions of which treaty opened the Mississippi River and New Orleans to the United States?
the Southern Territories Treaty
the Spanish and American Treaty
In his Farewell Address, Washington warned against
the perils of allowing slavery to continue to exist.
political factions and foreign entanglements.
overtaxing the American people.
allowing the executive office too much power.
the perils of neutrality.
One consequence of the XYZ Affair was that
France suffered diplomatic humiliation.
France declared war on the United States.
Adams declared war on France.
High Federalists used the tensions it created as an excuse for military expansion.
Adams and Jefferson reached a political impasse.
The underlying intention of the Naturalization Law was to
allow the government to deport undesirable aliens.
help immigrants already in the United States to better assimilate into society.
allow the Republicans to maintain political control.
allow more immigrants to become citizens.
allow Federalists to maintain political control.
The Sedition Act caused many Americans concern because
it allowed libel convictions without jury trial.
it threatened their civil rights.
it suspended free elections.
it allowed the Federalists to maintain political control.
it expanded the powers of Congress.
According to the Kentucky Resolutions,
the "general welfare" should be the guiding principle in state decisions.
free speech was a right that was contingent on which party was in control of Congress.
the federal government had the right to infringe on Americans' civil rights in the interest of national security.
secession should be a last resort but was an acceptable action if a state judged the federal government to have overstepped its bounds through an onerous law.
states had the right to interpret the constitutionality of federal law and nullify laws under certain circumstances.
The election of 1800 was known as the "peaceful revolution" because
it was the first election since the nation had been established.
it was the first time an election had taken place when the United States was not at war with another country.
the vice president and the president were finally from the same political party.
power was transferred from one party to another without violence.
it resulted in the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution.
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