- Intensive supervision is, perhaps, the most popular program in probation/parole. Intensive probation supervision provides an option for offenders who would otherwise be incarcerated. Intensive parole supervision may provide the high-risk inmate an opportunity to be released sooner under the most restrictive circumstances.
- The probation/parole officer will have a reduced caseload so that the officer can have more frequent contacts with the client. However, research does not indicate that intensive supervision is successful in meetings its goals.
- Intensive supervision is based upon two premises. The first is that intensive probation supervision will divert offenders who would not otherwise be incarcerated. In many jurisdictions, this goal is not being met. Many programs are not diverting offenders from prisons. The second premise is that more of whatever it is that the probation/parole agency does with routine cases will have a salutary effect on cases at greater risk. The idea is that more is better. In this case, the more is the contact with the client. The more frequent contacts allows for more opportunity to discover violations on the part of the client.
- Home confinement is often coupled with electronic monitoring. This may satisfy the goals of imprisonment without the social and financial costs normally associated with imprisonment. The primary types of electronic monitoring systems include continuously signaling systems and programmed contact systems. The former attempts to keep the client within the range of the monitoring device. The latter relies on random calls to the home and computerized voice identification. Some probation/parole agencies are now using global positioning systems to know the whereabouts of the client.
- Electronic monitoring does not prevent crime. The system lets the officer know the location of the client. But there is no way of knowing what the client is doing.
- Shock incarceration (SI) programs require short stays of imprisonment. Boot camps are a good example of SI. The offender remains in the boot camp for a period of 3 to 6 months. The experience is like a military basic training complete with shaved heads, marching, close-order drills, exercise, and harassment by the instructors. These boot camps are designed for young, nonviolent, first time offenders. Research concerning the success of the boot camp shows no significant difference between boot camp participants and those engaged in the more traditional options.
- The concept of the day reporting center originated in Great Britain. Offenders report to the center once or twice a day. Treatment services are provided at the center. When not at the center, the client may be monitored by telephone calls to the job, home, or other sites where the client is supposed to be.